Animal survival in all types of extremes, heat, cold, depths, altitudes and movement speed and endurance are far superior to Mankind. Humans, without their ingenuity, don’t stand a chance.
If animals participated in the Olympic games, practically all the medals would go to them. Both their streamlined bodies and power-produced movements confer formidable athletic prowess on them. Bats can’t walk because their legs are too thin, but they are the only mammals that use their legs for sustained flight.
They support the wing structure when flying, so unlike birds, which flap their wings, a bat only flaps its extended webbed digits. It can also migrate hundreds of kilometers to reach its warm destination.
Fleas can jump fifty to one hundred times their body length using their feet.
Man has an underdeveloped body when it comes to his capacity to move, run, jump, swim, and fly, but man has conquered all these areas with his inventions. Using them, he can far outdo the animals.
Flying squirrels can glide/leap up to thirty meters, or one hundred feet.
Bar-tailed godwits were tagged and tracked as they moved from New Zealand to the Yellow Sea in China, covering 11,000 kilometers in nine days of nonstop travel.
Cheetahs can run up to seventy kilometers per hour and are the world’s fastest land animal.Considering the speed of an ant, weight for weight, man would be able to run as fast as a racehorse.
The Northern Gannet, also known as the fou de Bassan, can dive from a height of forty meters at treacherous speeds of sixty to one hundred kilometers per hour, then continue swimming to depths of twenty meters to catch and swallow a fish before it resurfaces. It is aided by its subcutaneous air bags.
Dolphins can swim circles around Michael Phelps at thirty kilometers per hour, while the taupe shark can hit fifty kilometers per hour.
The archer fish in Thailand catches its meal by shooting droplets of water. It can aim at and drown a cockroach from 1.5 meters.
Animals’ Survival in Extreme Conditions
We examine the animals in the menagerie, such as the Adelie
penguins that can withstand cold, the black scarab beetle that
can avoid freezing in harsh Alaskan winters, and the trench
beetle that withstands the extreme Sahara heat.
Their lifestyle allows them to do things man cannot do: burrow,
hibernate, go without sleep, migrate, and live without food or
water for days and months.
|The kangaroo rat lives in the desert, withstanding torrid temperatures of fifty degrees Celsius. It also endures cold nights and windstorms
The springtail, an insect in Antarctica, can live at a freezing -50 degrees Celsius without oxygen for up to a month.
Arctic squirrels, which are mammals like man, hibernate for seven months of the year. Their body temperature falls to -3 degrees Celsius, but their blood remains liquid.
However, their neurons
You can’t sneak up on an ant. Ants don’t sleep.
Various species of ants and wasps sting their prey in order to paralyze them. The poison used can be composed of fifty different chemicals.
The impact of a Mantis shrimp’s claw, used to stun its prey, is as powerful as a bullet fired from a gun.
Spider saliva paralyzes bitten prey. Black widow spider bites are fifteen times more toxic than a rattlesnake’s.
A few animals such as squirrels can store food by burying nuts. Others can build up their food reserves by storing internal fat consumed during hibernation, like bears.
Hummingbirds’ beaks and the act of hovering help them gather nectar from flowers.
A seagull can drink seawater because it has special glands that filter out the salt.
Desert kangaroo rats survive their entire life (about four to five years) without drinking water. Their metabolism recovers water from the seeds they eat.
|Man is limited to living in temperate zones with temperatures between ten and twenty degrees Celsius, but it can go as high as the mid-forties.
For survival, he needs a minimum of clothing, food, and shelter. For this, man needs to manufacture tools and gather and treat raw materials.
Man needs to produce food by growing tomatoes, grain, rice, and wheat as well as raising cattle or sheep. Fishermen in Cambodia and elsewhere have created an industry by developing fish farms.
Man in the wild, especially in a somewhat hostile environment, does not stand much of a chance of survival beyond a few days armed with just his bare hands. If he does survive, it is certainly not a comfortable existence.
Animal Survival is truly amazing. The multiple different methods, even within varieties of the same species, often defy human imagination. The complexities coupled with the intricacies and interconnectivity of the various parts of the body that each plays a specific orchestrated role in the animal survival process, in the harshest of conditions. It should make us stand up and ask a few questions about the why and how.
We ‘superior’ humans could also do well to ask why human survival seems so fragile and limited in comparison. Yes, populations are more adapted to cold and heat, arctic and desert conditions, than other, there’s no doubt about it … but still, with ‘no equipment’ -70°C (and -1°C) and +50°C (and +35°C) are outside the human range and we wouldn’t stand a chance.
This post is an excerpt from chapter 10.5-6 of Inventory of the Universe.
The Explanation Blog Bonus
This video reveals how animals survive in severe conditions of heat and cold.
This video shows various methods to withstand the harshness of winter.
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